Primary care providers deliver basic medical care for Americans. Yet, Bodenheimer and Grumbach (2009) report that “the proportion of internal medicine residents entering primary care medicine rather than subspecialty or hospital careers plummeted from 54% in 1998 to 20% in 2005” (p. 201). Research the current status of primary care in the U.S. and develop policy initiatives and provider incentives to increase the number of residents entering primary care instead of a subspecialty or a hospital career. Consider how the Hill-Burton Act; the EMTALA; and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, or the ACA, helped transform primary care medicine in this country.

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